Arabica vs Robusta: Exploring the differences between 2 popular coffee beans

Arabica and Robusta coffee beans have made their way into countless cups of coffee worldwide. Coffee aficionados all around the world can easily differentiate these two coffee bean types, but the regular coffee drinker may not. In this article, you will get to learn about the characteristics of Robusta vs Arabica to determine your preferred option.

Overview of Arabica and Robusta Coffee Beans

Before comparing Arabica vs Robusta, it is essential for avid coffee enjoyers to learn about the basic description of these two coffee beans.

Arabica coffee beans

Arabica originated in Ethiopia and has since become the most common coffee bean type in the entire world. Its flavors are widely beloved by most coffee enthusiasts, offering a mild and delicate flavor profile centered around the signature earthiness of coffee. In some variations, Arabica also brings out the sweet, acidic, and chocolatey undertones.

arabica coffee beans appearance

Arabica coffee beans have captured the hearts of many coffeeholics

Robusta coffee beans 

In terms of popularity, Robusta is not too far behind, taking up 40% of the coffee consumed worldwide. It offers a bold and powerful overall flavor profile with an undeniable bitterness that intrigues many coffee enthusiast. Additionally, its earthy notes and incredible aroma have kept people coming back for more.

robusta coffee dark color

Robusta provides a more intense and powerful flavor profile

Arabica vs Robusta Coffee Beans: What's the difference?


Flavor profile

Caffeine content


Elliptical with a wavy or uneven groove down the middle, has a brighter color than Robusta

Smooth and earthy with sweet, acidic, and chocolatey undertones

0.9 to 1.7% (relatively mild)


Rounder with a straight groove right down the middle, darker than Arabica in color

Bold and powerful with a signature bitter taste

2.5% (very high)

Generally, most of these differences stem from the nature of these two coffee bean types. Arabica pales in comparison to Robusta in terms of adaptability to climate and endurance to pests.

Robusta is mostly grown and harvested in Africa and Southeast Asia, including Vietnam, the country with the second-most coffee exports globally. Meanwhile, Arabica has found its home in Central and South America, most notably Brazil, the leading country in coffee export.

Natural conditions have played a role in their growth, leading to major differences in sugar and fat content. In fact, Arabica contains 60% more fat and sugar than Robusta, which ultimately results in two distinctive flavor profiles.

arabica and robusta distinctions

Robusta and Arabica are grown in different locations

View more: What is Vietnamese coffee? Decoding the Secrets behind

Which type of coffee bean is right for you? Arabica or Robusta?

The choice between Robusta vs Arabica coffee beans ultimately comes down to your personal preferences. As the two most popular types, these two have cemented their places in the global coffee culture by catering to different coffee drinkers.

If you are seeking a smooth and nuanced cup, you may prefer Arabica. However, if you need a burst of energy with a refined taste, Robusta could be your go-to.

types of coffee that suit you

Your favorite drink can be the deciding factor between Arabica and Robusta

Your preferred drink can also play a part in the decision. Arabica possesses immense versatility and adaptability to different roasting methods such as French press, pour-over, Aeropress, and more. Making it a perfect choice for many beverages. This is also why Arabica is the preferred option for most coffee drinkers.

On the other hand, Robusta is the ideal choice for espresso and instant coffee, which are tremendous for a quick caffeine boost. Furthermore, Robusta lovers often use these coffee beans as a filler in many of their blends to further highlight the powerful flavor.

88 Coffee - Top destination for coffee lovers in the USA

Still haven’t decided between Robusta vs Arabica? 88 Coffee can be of help with our strong, and intense selection of coffee products. The Robusta coffee offered by 88 Coffee boasts a distinctive flavor profile, characterized by its robust, rich taste, and having a true essence taste of Vietnam coffee.

Furthermore, 88 Coffee's commitment to quality control throughout the production process guarantees that you receive the freshest and highest-quality coffee beans, giving you a wonderful and reliable cup of joe every time.

88 coffee blends

Authentic Vietnamese coffee blends from 88coffee

Robusta vs Arabica is a toss-up for most coffee lovers, as each possesses a unique flavor profile. As the two most popular coffee bean types in the world, they have solidified their position in the global coffee culture as the main ingredient in espressos, lattes, instant coffee, etc.